The archaeological site of Sesklo is located on Kastraki hill, very close to the modern village of the same name, 15 km from the city of Volos. The Neolithic settlement of Sesklo was first inhabited in the middle of the 7th millennium BC. from agricultural and livestock families. The findings are architectural remains, stone tools, ceramic pots, clay figurines and more.
The foundations of the houses of the settlement that we see today in the archaeological site belong to the 6th millennium BC. and extends into an area of approximately 100 acres, where about 500-800 spacious houses have been excavated, with a well-planned organization, which we have not met again in the region of Thessaly.
Very close to today's homonymous village is the Neolithic settlement of Dimini, 5 km away from Volos. Dimini is an organized settlement that was founded at the end of the 5th millennium BC.
In the settlement you will see stone pillars, with openings of communication at the four points of the horizon, made in pairs.
Under the hillside of Dimini, in the plain of the sea, in an area of 100 acres, an important Mycenaean settlement was discovered in 1980, according to newer views, the ancient Iolos, the home of Jason, according to myth. Five private Mycenaean houses with a common orientation on both sides of a large public road and three similar a little more remote.
The house of the lord of the area should be placed on the hill with the Neolithic finds, where architectural remains of a Mycenaean mansion are preserved in the southwest corner of the central courtyard, a place with excellent supervision of the Pagasitic Gulf.
The two tholos, Mycenaean tombs, which were discovered at the beginning of the 20th century in Dimini, can safely be attributed to the rulers of ancient Iolkos.
In the first half of the 4th c. BC, when Philip II made fortifications in Magnesia, he built an ancient city on the hill of Goritsa, in an excellent strategic position. The city wall was probably constructed by Kassandros (316-298 BC), it is 2.850 km long, while 33 towers were placed at uneven intervals, as the geographical relief provided some natural fortifications.
The archaeological site of ancient Demetrias stretches 1.5 km south of Volos. Demetriada was founded in 294 BC. by the Macedonian king Demetrios Poliorketas - from which she took its name - with a neighborhood of neighboring cities. Its privileged geographical position has made it a center of political developments, a major military base-base and a major commercial activity. So it has for some time co-operated, together with Pella, the Macedonian state and one of the largest cities of antiquity. During the reign of the son of Demetrius Poliorketis, Antigonus Gonatas (277-239 BC), the town was organized according to the Hippodamian system, its walls were reinforced (a total length of 11 km which today is preserved almost throughout perimeter) and strengthened with strong towers.
In the eastern sector, in the center of the city, the relics of the palace complex survive on a hill. Around a square Dorian peristyle the two-storey flats of the royal house were developed except for the north side, where ceramic and bronze workshops were created in later years. The four corners of the building have been revealed by a powerful tower. It was built in the typical Hellenistic architecture and spatial organization, reminding of that of the other Macedonian palaces of Aegos and Pella, on a smaller scale.
South of the palace was the flat market of the city, which combined with the palace consisted of commercial and administrative attraction. At the center of the market was the presence of the temple of Iolka Artemis.
The ancient theater of Dimitriada is located at a distance of about 150 meters, south of the settlement of Nea Pagasia, Volos, west of the road Volos - Almyros at the location "Dontia" (popular name given for the lower parts of the series of pillars belonging to the Roman the aqueduct of Demetrias). It was built in the first half of the 3rd century. B.C. and four later architectural interventions have been established until its final abandonment in the second half of the 4th c. A.D.
Information from travelpelion.gr